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Medical abortion:

The Abortion pill up to 10 weeks

A BPAS healthcare professional will give you the abortion pill mifepristone to swallow in the clinic.

For pregnancies up to 9 weeks' gestation, you may take the second medication, misoprostol, at the same time. If you are over 9 weeks or you prefer to wait, you will leave the clinic and return anytime from 1-3 days later. Your healthcare professional will discuss the options with you.

Most women can carry on their usual lives at home or work after taking mifepristone, but may have some bleeding and period-like pains.

It is unlikely that the abortion will happen after taking the first pill. However, if you think you miscarried between visits please tell us. We will do an ultrasound scan to decide if any further treatment is needed.

You may have nausea or vomiting. If you vomit within 1.5 hours of taking the pill, please inform the clinic as soon as possible, as you may need to take the pill again.

Either straight after the first tablet or on a different day, misoprostol tablets are placed in the vagina. You can place the tablets yourself or have a healthcare professional place them. You can put these tablets in while lying down, squatting, or standing with one leg up - whatever is most comfortable for you. Try to insert them as high up into your vagina as possible. Don’t worry too much about the exact position of the tablets in the vagina; it is not important for them to be in a specific place to be effective.

You will be given some antibiotics to take, pain medicine with instructions for use and advice on how to care for yourself. You will then leave the clinic to complete the abortion at home. You may feel more at ease if you have someone with you for this process.

The misoprostol tablets will cause you to have cramps and bleed heavily. This usually starts about 2 hours after using the misoprostol, but may start sooner. Bleeding and cramping usually last a few hours; you will probably need pain relief at this stage. For more information on pain control please see the 'Pain control' section below.

You may see large blood clots or tissue at the time of the abortion. The tissue will be larger and more recognisable at higher gestations. Under 8 weeks, you are only likely to see the sac within which the early pregnancy is developing. A 10 week fetus is about the size of a large grape and you may recognise its shape. If you are worried about what you may see when the abortion happens, please discuss this with your healthcare professional.

Most women pass the pregnancy within 4 or 5 hours after taking the misoprostol. For others it can be quicker or take longer. Almost all women miscarry within a few days. 

It’s normal to have some bleeding or spotting for up to 4 weeks after the abortion - use sanitary pads to make it easier to keep track of your bleeding.

If you have not started to bleed within 24 hours of taking the misoprostol contact your BPAS clinic or our Aftercare telephone line.

Side effects

For most women, medical abortion is like an early miscarriage. It is normal for you to have bleeding and cramping. You might also:

  • feel dizzy
  • feel nauseous or vomit
  • have a headache
  • have diarrhoea
  • have temporary flushes or sweats

Here are some comments from women who have had the abortion pill:

“It felt like really bad period cramps. It was bearable and the pain did pass. I used a hot water bottle which really helped.”
“The abortion pill wasn’t as easy as I thought. The pain was quite intense for me.”

Breastfeeding during medical abortion

If you are breastfeeding at the time of your abortion, please be aware that mifepristone will pass into the breast milk. Studies so far do not show that this causes any problems for the infant. However, if you want to be cautious you can suspend breastfeeding for 2 days after taking the abortion pill.

A little bit of misoprostol will be present in breast milk after you take it. If you are breastfeeding, the misoprostol may rarely cause your infant to have diarrhoea. To reduce any risk you can choose to wait 6 hours between using the misoprostol and breastfeeding.

Please let us know if you are breastfeeding so we can work out the best plan together.

Pain control

After a medical abortion, most women will have strong cramping, similar to period pains. There are many ways to lessen the pain:

  • wear comfortable clothes
  • stay in a familiar and relaxing place
  • apply a heating pad or hot water bottle to your lower stomach
  • use pain medicine like ibuprofen, or codeine
How to get pain medicine

You can buy ibuprofen tablets in either 200mg or 400mg strengths at your local pharmacy. A BPAS healthcare professional will also offer you codeine 30mg, prescribed by one of our doctors, to take home.

Codeine 30mg is only available with a prescription. Some products that you can buy at the pharmacy have lower doses of codeine combined with either ibuprofen or paracetamol. However, they will not give you the same amount of pain relief as the codeine we provide.

How to use these medicines

Ibuprofen is for mild to moderate pain. Codeine is for moderate to severe pain.

You can start with ibuprofen, adding codeine when you need stronger pain relief. Or, you can just start with codeine. It's up to you. You can also alternate the medicines depending on how you feel.

What dose you should take and how often you can take it

Please remember, there are 2 strengths of ibuprofen tablets. Follow the directions that are correct for the strength that you buy:

Ibuprofen (200mg): take 3 or 4 tablets by mouth every 8 hours as needed. Do not take more than 12 tablets in 24 hours.
Or
Ibuprofen (400mg): take 1 or 2 tablets by mouth every 8 hours as needed. Do not take more than 6 tablets in 24 hours.

As well as Ibuprofen you can also take:

Codeine (30mg): take 1 or 2 tablets by mouth every 4 hours as needed. Do not take more than 8 tablets in 24 hours. For women aged 12-18 years of age, take 1 or 2 tablets by mouth every 6 hours as needed. Do not take more than 8 tablets in 24 hours. Codeine will not be given to anyone under the age of 12 years.

Please note:

Do not drive or operate machinery when taking codeine. If you have tried these options, but still have pain, please call the clinic or the BPAS Aftercare Line on 0300 333 68 28 (or +44 1789 508 210).

Follow-up instructions

 

The abortion pill is very effective and usually uncomplicated. However, it is important to complete the ‘self-assessment’ instructions to ensure the treatment has worked. Misoprostol may cause serious birth defects if the pregnancy continues. If the abortion pill does not work for you, we would recommend a surgical abortion to end the pregnancy.

You may also return to the clinic for a scan to confirm the abortion is complete, if you choose.

Self-assessment agreement 

 

You will be asked to complete a self-assessment agreement during your appointment. This will help you understand what you need to know about your recovery before you leave the clinic. Click here to view a copy of the agreement.

Pregnancy testing 

 

Click here for instructions on how to use a pregnancy test.

Important!

Serious complications have warning signs. You should start to feel better each day after the abortion. Contact the BPAS clinic or Aftercare Line straight away if you have:

  • heavy bleeding that soaks through 2 sanitary pads an hour, for 2 hours or more in a row
  • abdominal pain or discomfort that is not helped by medication, rest, a hot water bottle, or a heating pad
  • a fever of 38°C or higher
  • an unpleasant-smelling discharge from your vagina
  • signs that you are still pregnant
  • no bleeding 24 hours after using misoprostol

Feeling sick, having abdominal discomfort, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting or weakness more than 24 hours after taking misoprostol could be a sign of a serious complication and you should contact us immediately on: 0300 333 68 28 (or +44 1789 508 210).